Traditionally, humanitarian assistance addressing immediate refugees’ needs and developmental interventions focusing on longer-term recovery and capacity strengthening activities have been managed by the international community through various programming strategies, tools, implementing partners and funding mechanisms. However, the duration and spill-over effects of the Syria crisis has challenged standard aid responses and coordination mechanisms, thereby exposing the divergence and contradiction between the humanitarian and development assistance systems, which produce gaps in policy, assessment, response capacity, and funding efficiency.

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