Turkey

In Turkey, the Government has from the beginning, taken full leadership of the response to the Syrian refugee crisis with an evolving institutional structure and approaches, providing important lessons about nationally owned management of forced displacement. Recently, the coordination of the Syria Response in Turkey has been assigned to a Deputy Prime Minister, reinvigorating the coordination needed for a comprehensive inter-agency response. Within the framework of the Temporary Protection Regulation, the Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) under the Ministry of Interior coordinates registration and the implementation of the Temporary Protection Regulation. The Prime Ministry’s Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency (AFAD), equally reporting to the Deputy Prime Minister, is responsible for the establishment and operation of Temporary Accommodation Centres (refugee camps) and the coordination of humanitarian assistance to Turkey in support of the Syria response, which involves all key ministries. A field coordination structure operates at the governorate level under the leadership of provincial Governors. United Nations and NGO partners play a supporting role to the Government of Turkey and the established national asylum framework.

As of October 2016, the Government of Turkey announced that it had contributed over USD 12 billion in support of Syrians in Turkey since the beginning of the crisis. Turkey has a vibrant private sector, which is increasingly engaged in the Syria response. Private sector partners bring additional resources (both financial and in-kind) and expertise, and play an important role in innovation and promoting access of Syrians to the labour market.

In January 2016, a regulation allowing Syrian refugees to obtain work permits was enacted, and some 10,000 work permits have been granted to Syrian refugees so far.

Egypt
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