ABOUT THE 3RP

The Syria crisis has displaced 4.81 million Syrian refugees into the Republic of Turkey, the Lebanese Republic, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, the Republic of Iraq and the Arab Republic of Egypt, and there are an estimated 6.1 million internally displaced people within Syria. Turkey hosts more refugees than any other country – some 2.76 million, accounting for around 3.5 per cent of the population of Turkey. In Lebanon, the one million registered Syrian refugees are equivalent to over 20 per cent of the population, and the 655,000 registered Syrian refugees in Jordan is equivalent to nearly 9 per cent of the population. Iraq hosts nearly 230,000 Syrian refugees, as well as 3.2 million internally displaced Iraqis. Egypt hosts around 115,000 Syrian refugees along with refugees from many other countries.

During 2016, the number of registered Syrian refugees protected by these five countries has increased by almost 200,000 to stand at 4.81 million at the end of November.

Refugees from Syria are losing hope that a political solution will soon be found to end the bloodshed in their homeland, and yet struggle to meet their basic needs in countries of asylum in the region.

Refugees are living primarily in urban, peri-urban and rural areas, with only a minority – some 10 per cent – living in camps. However, despite this geographic integration, refugees face extremely high rates of poverty – 93 per cent of Syrian refugees living outside of camps in Jordan are living below the poverty line, more than 70 per cent of refugees are below the poverty line in Lebanon, 65 per cent in Egypt, and 37 per cent in Iraq. While refugees and host nationals have a similar labour force participation rates, the unemployment rates for refugees are far higher than host nationals given the existing policies.

Weak economic growth, stressed public finances and export disruption have long been major challenges facing these economies, in some cases threatening development gains. In the case of Lebanon, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has fallen by more than 50 per cent since the beginning of the crisis. An average economic growth during 2010-2014 in per capita terms was below one per cent in Jordan and Lebanon and negative in Egypt. In Jordan and Iraq, the additional population pressure has taxed both public infrastructure (e.g. roads, health, water) and private infrastructure (e.g. housing), with the government facing significant pressure to maintain the quality of services and infrastructure. The loss of trade opportunities has dramatically impacted agricultural exports from Lebanon, which account for nearly 15 per cent of exports; Lebanon relies on ground transport through Syria to access markets in Jordan and the Gulf that account for some 60 per cent of these exports.

Over the past year, a number of far-reaching events have accelerated calls for profound changes in the way humanitarian crises are responded to, with a particular focus on Syria. The centrality of using and supporting national systems and local responders is now widely accepted; funding architecture is progressively shifting towards multi-year predictable funding; commitments were made to mobilize the necessary financial resources and domestic political support to create up to 1.1 million jobs by 2018; and private sector actors have signalled their willingness to provide new investment.

The 3RP 2017-2018 was prepared in response to this evolving policy landscape, reinforced by a global commitment to invest in resilience in countries neighbouring Syria. The 3RP continues to be a nationally-led process, incorporating in full the Lebanon Crisis Response Plan (LCRP) and Jordan Response Plan (JRP) and the Turkey, Iraq and Egypt country chapters that have been developed with the full involvement of the respective governments.

Country Plans will be available upon finalization in each country.

3RP: KEY STRATEGIC DIRECTIONS 2017-2018

 

  • STRONG NATIONAL LEADERSHIP
  • REGIONAL PROTECTION FRAMEWORK
  • BUILDING ON THE DEAD SEA RESILIENCE AGENDA
  • ENHANCING ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES
  • NO LOST GENERATION
  • CONTINUED OUTREACH AND PARTNERSHIPS
  • ENHANCED ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISMS

 

3RP: PLANNING PROCESS, PROGRAMME STRATEGY & PARTNERSHIP PLATFORM

The 3RP is a country driven, regionally coherent planning process. It draws together the national crisis response plans for humanitarian relief, resilience and stabilization in the five most affected neighbouring countries to Syria, namely, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Turkey and Egypt, in a coordinated regional framework.

The 3RP is a programme strategy to respond to refugee protection and humanitarian needs, and strengthen the resilience of individuals,households, communities, and state institutions to cope with the impact of the Syria crisis on its immediate region.

The 3RP is a broad partnership platform for planning, advocacy, fundraising, information management and monitoring that brings together Syrian refugees; impacted communities in host countries and their governments; donors; and more than 240 national and international development and humanitarian actors in the respective countries.

The 3RP covers a two-year period, 2017-2018.

3RP: HOW THE PLAN WORKS

The global public good being provided by the Governments of Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt is recognized by the international community, which works in support of their national response plans. The 3RP is composed of country chapters developed under the leadership of national authorities with support from the United Nations and NGOs in each country. It draws together the LCRP, JRP and country chapters in Turkey, Iraq and Egypt. Within these plans, needs, targets, approaches and resources are identified and implemented at country level to ensure alignment with national planning processes and frameworks. Thus, the centre of gravity for implementation and decision-making remains at the country level, with coordination structures determined in each country under the leadership of the national Governments. These structures are outlined in each of the respective country plans.

A light governance structure composed of a 3RP Regional Steering Committee (RSC) and 3RP Regional Technical Committee (RTC) guides and supports the 3RP at the regional level. The RSC, co-chaired by the respective UNHCR and UNDP Regional Coordinators and composed of members representing 3RP partner agencies at the Regional Director level, provides strategic guidance to the 3RP and advises agency principals on key issues related to the regional response. With the involvement, participation and support of the other regional United Nations agencies and NGOs, the co-chairs of the RSC undertake outreach and advocacy in a manner which affirms and highlights that the 3RP is a partnership among more than 240 humanitarian and development actors. Expanded 3RP Steering Committee meetings are convened on a biannual basis, bringing together the participation of government representatives and respective Resident/Humanitarian Coordinators and Resident Coordinators.

The RTC, co-chaired by UNHCR and UNDP, is composed of members representing 3RP partner agencies at the senior regional operations level. The RTC advises the RSC and guides the technical planning, implementation, monitoring and reporting of the regional response. NGOs are represented on the RTC and RSC by the Syria INGO Regional Forum (SIRF) representative and elected SIRF members.

 

 

3RP: TWO COMPONENTS IN A SINGLE PLAN

To enhance response effectiveness, increase cost-efficiency of interventions and promote greater accountability and consistency in delivery, the 3RP process will produce a single planning, coordination, monitoring and evaluation framework at regional level, expanding on the successful “Refugee Response Plan – RRP” model.

The plan has two components:

REFUGEE COMPONENT

    Addresses the protection and assistance needs of refugees living in urban, peri-urban and rural areas, as well as in camps and settlements, in all sectors, as well as the most vulnerable members of impacted communities. It will strengthen community-based protection through identifying and responding to immediate support needs of communal services in affected communities.

RESILIENCE COMPONENT

    Addresses the resilience and stabilization needs of impacted and vulnerable communities in all sectors, builds the capacities of national and sub-national service delivery systems, strengthens the ability of governments to lead the crisis response, and provides the strategic, technical and policy support to advance national responses.

3RP: PARTNERS

Action contre la Faim (ACF)
Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA)
Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development (ACTED)
Al Hadatha Association
Al Majmoua Lebanese Association for Development
Al Balad
Alianza por la Solidaridad (APS)
ALLC International House Beirut (ALLC IH)
Al-Maqdese for Society Development (MSD)
AMAR Foundation
AMEL Association – Lebanese Popular Association for Popular Action
American Bar Association – Rule of Law Initiative (ABA ROLI)
American Near East Refugee Aid (ANERA)
Ana Aqra Association
Arab Council Supporting Fair Trial and Human rights (ACSFT)
Arabian Medical Relief (AMR)
Arab Medical Union (AMU)
Arcenciel
arche noVa
ARCS – Arci Cultura e Sviluppo
Association for Aid and Relief, Japan (AAR Japan)
Association for Integration and Development (AID)
Association for Solidarity with Asylum Seekers and Migrants (ASAM)
AVSI – The Association of Volunteers in International Service
Blue Mission Organization
Bojeen Organization for Human Development (BOHD)
CARE International
Caritas
Caritas Lebanon Migrant Center (CLMC)
Catholic Relief Services (CRS)
Center for Victims of Torture (CVT)
Comitato Internazionale per lo Sviluppo dei Popoli (CISP)
Common Effort Organisation
Cooperative Housing Foundation (CHF)
CONCERN
Coordinamento delle Organizzazioni per il Servizio Volontario (COSV)
Danish Church Aid (DCA)
Danish Refugee Council (DRC)
Deutsche Welthungerhilfe
Diakonia
Diakonie Katastrophenhilfe
Doctors Worldwide (DWW)
DORCAS Relief & Development
Education Above All Foundation
Egypt Foundation for Refugee Rights (EFRR)
Emergency
Episcocare
FARD Foundation
Finn Church Aid (FCA)
First Step Together Association (FISTA)
Food & Agricultural Organization (FAO)
forumZFD
French Red Cross (FRC)
Fundacion Promocion Social de la Cultura (FPSC)
GOAL
Green Globe
Gruppo di Volontariato Civile (GVC)
Habitat For Humanity
Handicap International (HI)
Heartland Alliance International (HAI)
Help for Self Help (HELP e.v.)
HelpAge International
Himaya
HOPES Consortium
Humedica
Institut Européen de Coopération et de Développement (IECD)
International Alert
International Blue Crescent Relief And Development Foundation (IBC)
International Catholic Migration Commission (ICMC)
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
International Education Association
International Labour Office (ILO)
International Medical Corps (IMC)
International Middle East Peace Research Center (IMPR)
International Network for Aid, Relief and Assistance (INARA)
International Organization for Migration (IOM)
International Orthodox Christian Charities (IOCC)
International Relief and Development (IRD)
International Rescue Committee (IRC)
INTERSOS
Islamic Relief Worldwide (IRW)
IVY Japan
Japan Campaign for children of Palestine (CCP)
JEN
Jordan Health Aid Society (JHAS)
Jordan Paramedic Society (JPS)
KAFA Enough Violence & Exploitation
Khayr Charity Foundation
KnK Children without Borders
Kurda
Lebanese Association for Rural Development
Lebanese Society For Educational and Social Development
LebRelief
LOST – The Lebanese Organisation for Studies and Training
Lutheran World Federation (LWF)
MAGNA (Medical and Global Nutrition Aid)
Makassed
Makhzoumi Foundation
Mahmoud Mosque Society
MARCH
MEDAIR
Médecins du Monde (MdM)
Medical Aid for Palestinians (MAP)
Medical Teams International
MENA Organization for Services, Advocacy, Integration and Capacity building (MOSAIC)
Mennonite Central Committee
Mercy Corps
Mercy USA
Middle East Children’s Institute (MECI)
Mines Advisory Group (MAG)
Movement for Peace (MPDL)
NABA’A – Developmental Action Without Borders
NEF Near East Foundation (NEF)
Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC)
Nwê Organization (N.W.E.)
Operation Mercy (OPM)
Oxfam
PARC Interpeople’s Cooperation (PARCIC)
Pathfinder International
Peace Winds Japan (PWJ)
People in Need (PIN)
PLAN International
Polish Center for International Aid (PCPM)
Première Urgence-Aide Médicale Internationale (PU-AMI)
Presidency for Turks Abroad and Related Communities (YTB)
QANDIL
Qatar Charity
Qatar Red Crescent (QRC)
Questscope
RAF
REACH
Reach Out to Asia (ROTA)
Relief International (RI)
Representative of Nineveh for IDPs (RNVDO)
Restart Center for Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence and Torture
Refugee Education Trust International (RET)
RET Liban
Ricerca e Cooperazione
Right to Play
Saint Andrews Education Services
Save the Children International (SCI)
Sawa for Development and Aid (SDAid)
Search for Common Ground (SFCG)
Secours Islamique France (SIF)
SeraphimGLOBAL
SHEILD – Social, Humanitarian, Economical Intervention for Local Development
Silatech
Sohag Community Development Association for Women and Children’s Situations Improvement
Solidar Suisse
Solidarités International (SI)
Solidarity Association for Social & Cultural Development (Tadamon)
Sonbola Group for Education and Development
Support to Life (STL)
Sosyal Suriye Topluluğu
Syrian American Medical Society (SAMS)
Technisches Hilfswerk (THW)
Terre des Hommes (TDH)
Terre des Hommes Italia (TDH Italy)
The Human Resources Development Fund (HRDF)
Triangle Génération Humanitaire (TGH)
Triumphant Mercy
Turkish Red Crescent (TRC)
Un Ponte Per (UPP)
Union of Relief and Development Association (URDA)
United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women)
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat)
United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS)
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA)
UTOPIA Organization
Vento di Terra
War Child Canada
War Child Holland
War Child UK
Warvin Foundation for Women’s Issues
Welthungerhilfe
Women and Health Alliance International (WAHA)
World Food Programme (WFP)
World Health Organization (WHO)
World Rehabilitation Fund (WRF)
World Relief Germany
World Vision International (WVI)
Youth Activity Organization (YAO)
Yuva Association
Zakho Small Villages Project (ZSVP)

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